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Whats is Allergy and common diseases due to Allergy

Allergies are an abnormal response of the immune system. It is an acquired potential for developing adverse reactions that are immunologically mediated to the substances that are mostly harmless to us. This substance (pollen, mould, animal dander for example)is called an allergen.

Atopy is the inheritance tendency to develop allergies.

Atopy increases your risk of developing allergic diseases, especially after allergen exposure.

The prevalence of asthma and rhinitis – two major forms of allergies – was one and 10 percent respectively in 1964 in the country. But, new data as per WAO (World Allergy Organization) shows that about 14 per cent people now have asthma, while over 20 per cent are suffering from allergic rhinitis (AR) which results from an IgE-mediated inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Currently, about 20 to 30 per cent of people in India are having one or more allergic diseases and their prevalence is rising dramatically, the WAO said.

 

What are the types of Allergies?

Allergy related diseases can be classified based on the target organ involvement. Some common types are mentioned below.

  1. Nose – Allergic rhinitis
  2. Lungs -Asthma
  3. Skin -Allergic Dermatitis
  4. Eye -Allergic Conjunctivitis
  5. Systemic( Whole body affected -Anaphylaxis and Uricaria
  6. Gut -Food allergy
  7. Ear –Allergic otitis media

 

Asthma Allergy Pulmonology and Chest Centre Thrissur Kerala

Asthma Allergy Pulmonology and COPD Centre Thrissur Kerala

Dr Kurian Thomas MBBS; DTCD; MD ; DNB

Pulmonary Medicine Rtd Professor Medical College Thrissur

Pipe Line Road
Mylipadam, Thrissur

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Ph : 0487 2333433
Mob : 9446333433

kuriandoctor@gmail.com